Family Room - Rúmfjalir / Bed-boards

Í Þjóðminjasafni Íslands er fjöldi rúmfjala. Þær eru ríkulega útskornar og sýna hversu fjölbreytt og rík útskurðarhefð tíðkaðist á Íslandi. Rúmfjölunum var stungið niður með rúmstokknum á milli rúmbríka á kvöldin svo sængurklæðin dyttu ekki fram á gólf á næturnar. Á daginn var þeim komið fyrir aftast í rúminu, við veggþilið. Þá sneri útskorna hliðin fram til prýðis í baðstofunni. Rúmfjalir voru lagðar yfir hnén og bakhliðarnar notaðar sem borð á matmálstímum og líka sem skerborð eða tóbaksfjalir þar sem þurrkuð tóbakslauf voru skorin í smáar flögur, enda er mjög algengt að bakhliðar rúmfjala séu alþaktar rákum eftir hnífa eða tóbaksjárn. Fjalirnar voru persónulegar eigur og nákomnar eiganda sínum. Orðið rúmfjöl eða sængurfjöl eru óþekkt í miðaldaritum. Elsta rúmfjöl safnins með ártali er frá árinu 1672. Allmargar eru frá síðustu áratugum 17. aldar en langflestar frá 18. og 19. öld. / The National Museum collection includes a large number of bed-boards. These ornately-carved pieces bear witness to Iceland’s diverse and rich woodcarving tradition. In the baðstofa (communal living area) of the old turf farmhouses, beds were lined up against the outside walls, and the bed-board was placed at the edge of the bed at night to keep the bedding in place. During the day, when the bed served as seating, the bed-board was placed against the wall, with the carved surface facing into the room. At mealtimes the bed-boards were placed across the knees to serve as a “table.” Bed-boards were personal possessions, and valued by their owners. The museum’s oldest dated example is from 1672. A number date from the late 17th century, but most of the collection is from the 18th and 19th centuries.

  • 11743 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board

    Bed-board carved with large inscription in head-letters of the name ingebiörg ionsdott(er).

  • 11750 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board

    Bed-board carved with lines of head-letters at top and bottom and bands of foliage between them. In the middle is a rectangular space with two lines of head-letters and between them a line of numerals. The inscription in the middle is KRISTINHE - RMADNSD OTTIRAFÞ (this board belongs to Kristín Hermannsdóttir). The inscriptions at top and bottom read: VERTUIFIRALTUMKRINGMEDEILIFRIBLESSANÞINNISITIGUDSEG – LARSAMANHRINGSANGINNIINFRMINNIVÞMISVIAÞMIVLMEIÞSVÞSISH (Be above and all around, with thy eternal blessing. May God’s angels sit together in a circle above my bed). The meaning of the letters at the end is unclear – possibly the intial letters of more lines of verse.

  • 13463 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board(1867)

    Pine bed-board. Two circles are carved in the middle, with the initials BGS and SÞD and between them the date 1867. The ends of the board on either side of the circles are carved in head-letters: vertu gud ifir og allt um kring med eilífri blessan þini - sitje guds einglar saman i hring sængini ifir minni 1.5.18. (Be above and all around, with thy eternal blessing. May God’s angels sit together in a circle above my bed.) The carver probably ran out of space to complete the date.

  • 13661 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board

    Pine bed-board. The front is carved with two lines of head-letters: SVÆFILLINN MINN OG SÆNGIN MIN SIE ÖNNUR MIUKA H/NONN ÞIN ENN AÐRA BREIÐ ÞU OFANN A MIG ER MIER ÞA VÆRDINN (nógsamlig). On the reverse of the board, lines have been cut for gameboards for draughts and refskák (fox and geese). These are probably of later date than the carving on the front. They show that the board seems to have been useful for leisure pursuits.

  • 1637 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board(1681)

    Pine bed-board with wreath and two lines of lettering: GVD – IEG – BID – ÞIER – GIEFE – FRIDGRÆDARANN - L'IDA – FIRR - OG S'ID – HLIOTTV – MID – HIA - HIMNA – SMID - OG / HUGGVN -FRIDA – DAUDANS – TID – SITIE – IESVS – SONVRGVDS – KIÆR - SÆNGENA - KRINGVM – MIN

  • 1695 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board(1733)

    Pine bed-board. The upper part has openwork carving of tendrils with three faces, possibly angel heads. In the middle is a line of head-letters carved in an unusual way and difficult to decipher. On the reverse are two carved circles with the letters ihs and EIS respectively, and ANO 1733.

  • 1767 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board(1600-1700)

    Pine bed-board. In the middle is a roundel with the monogram of Christ, ihs, and at the ends rectangles with a flower. On either side of the roundel are lines of head-letters. The lettering is roughly carved, but easily legible. The upper line reads HIONUMM / I / HUILU / ROTT / HIER / VE and the lower RDE / BADUMM / GIEFE / ICKUR / GODA. To the left of the roundel are the words nott / gud / minni and to the right nadum / amen. (May the married couple both lie peacefully in their bed. Good night to you and God’s blessing. Amen)

  • 1971-19 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board

    Carved bed-board with patterns and head-letters. Cleft lengthwise.

  • 2008-5-291 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board(1857)

    Pine bed-board, painted turquoise on the front. This is rare, as most Icelandic carving is unpainted. At the top are two carved lines of Gothic lettering and the date. At the bottom is a tendril, and in the middle of the board is a pot plant, from which tendrils extend on both sides. Carved inscription: ARNFINNUR ARNFINNSSON - GUDRUN JONSDOTTIR with the date 1857.

  • 2439 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board(1800-1850)

    Pine bed-board. The front is carved with a leafy branch, and on the reverse are the initials ÞÞD in decorative lettering.

  • 2632 Rúmfjöl /Bed-board(1750-1800)

    Pine bed-board with raised carving of a single simple branch. On the reverse are the initials GHD.

  • 3133 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board(1600-1700)

    Pine bed-board carved with stylised motifs and two roundels with inscription HEILLER ALLAR HEIMS VM - RANN HLIOTTV AF BEINE, which are the first words of a poem.

  • 3138 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board

    Pine bed-board, carved with a slender tendril in the middle. Above and below it is an inscription in large head-letters: vertuiferogalltummkringm - edeilifreblessanþinesgesin. (Be above and all around, with thy eternal blessing. May God’s angels sit together in a circle above my bed.)

  • 5625 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board(1759)

    Carved bed-board with varied stylised ornament, figurative images and lettering. Inscription in Latin lettering: (=R) -TETZED -FUZDU - LIOTT - FINST - EI - UANDE - A - ÞUI - NEIZN - UÆZDAZ - SETZED – UEZDE – ZOTT – UØRDUZ - LANDA - UEZNDE OSS , also ANNO 1759 and the initials EGS and SKDAF.

  • 6248 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board(1791)

    Bed-board with carved circle in the middle with the letters B n o i (Jón B) in head-letters. To the left is an inscription in head-letters in two lines: reinardur B ondi a Borg (Farmer Reinarður of Borg). To the right in the upper line is the name rosamunda, and in the lower line Anno 1791.

  • 725 Rúmfjöl /Bed-board(1701)

    Bed-board carved with knots and rosettes resembling embroidery designs. On the ends are four-petalled stylised flowers resembling eight-pointed rosettes. The board has the initials Wlg S.D. (Valgerður S…. dóttir) and the date 1701.

  • 9064 Rúmfjöl / Bed-board(1880)

    Pine bed-board, unusually long. The front is carved, with the inscription Rúmfjöl Hjóna JGS – GID (bed-board of the married couple JGS-GID). On the reverse the date 1880 is carved. Made by Ásbjörn Jónsson, said to be from Skaftafellssýsla in the southeast.